# IntMath Newsletter: Curved surface solution, Mathapedia

By Murray Bourne, 10 Apr 2014

10 Apr 2014

In this Newsletter:

1. Solution for the range hood problem

2. Resource - Mathapedia

3. IntMath polls

4. Math puzzles

5. Friday math movie - 8 math talks to blow your mind

6. Final thought - Despicable

## 1. Range hood curved sides problem

Last newsletter I posed a problem regarding a stove range hood with curved sides. I usually get about 10 responses to each puzzle, but this time there was just one reply, which said "It's very hard!". Here's my go at a solution. My first attempts were to make it much more complicated than it needs to be. |

## 2. Mathapedia

Mathapedia is an interesting devlopment by Dan Lynch. It's a system for developing online math documents, and it produces output for all sorts of devices, including tablets and phones. It easily produces interactive math documents, like this example: Interactive (run your mouse over any of the diagrams on that page). There's also an interesting section on The Art of Digital Publishing. |

## 3. IntMath poll - good teaching

The recent IntMath poll asked readers,

**What's the main thing teachers should do so you learn better? **

There is some good advice to follow here, especially for math teachers. Obviously, there are not many friendly math classes out there! Here are the results.

Create a warm and friendly classroom: 26%

Be enthusiastic: 24%

Be flexible: 21%

Love learning: 11%

Respect students more: 11%

Set high expectations: 8%

Total votes: **2000**

Poll date: **Feb -** **Apr 2014**

**Latest poll: **The current poll asks what kind of math you will find most useful in the future. You can respond on any (inner) page of IntMath.

## 4. Math puzzles

I already talked about last Newsletter's puzzle above.

**New math puzzle**

For integers *A*, *B*, how many solutions (*A, B*) are there for

A^{2} + B^{2} ≤ 12?

Please leave your responses here.

## 5. Math movies - 8 math talks to blow your mind

There are some really good thought provoking videos here. I've featured some of them in the past. I hope you find something to blow your mind!

TED has an incredibly broad range of really good talks. This collection of provocative math talks has been around for a while now, but they're still worth a look. |

## 6. Final thought: Despicable

Here's a great quote from Rockefeller, 19th century billionaire businessman and philanthropist. He was also founder of both the University of Chicago and Rockefeller University and funded the establishment of Central Philippine University in the Philippines. [Source]

I know of nothing more despicable and pathetic than a man who devotes all the hours of the waking day to the making of money for money's sake. [John D. Rockefeller]

Until next time, enjoy whatever you learn.

See the 14 Comments below.

10 Apr 2014 at 11:27 pm [Comment permalink]

(-3,0),(-3,1),(-3,-1),

(-2,-2),(-2,-1),(-2,0),(-2,1),(-2,2),

(-1,-3)(-1,-2),(-1,-1),(-1,0),(-1,1),(-1,2),(-1,3),

(0,-3),(0,-2),(0,-1),(0,0),(0,1),(0,2),(0,3),

(1,-3)(1,-2),(1,-1),(1,0),(1,1),(1,2),(1,3),

(2,-2),(2,-1),(2,0),(2,1),(2,2),

(3,0),(3,1),(-3,-1)

37sets

10 Apr 2014 at 11:35 pm [Comment permalink]

What kind of math for the future? Statistics. People need.to evaluate good claims from bad when proponents argue with statistics.

11 Apr 2014 at 4:09 am [Comment permalink]

This is a follow up to my original answer to the puzzle. The answer is still 37 sets, but a better explanation is due.

First, integers are natural numbers which include negatives, zero and positive whole numbers.

Second, the squared value of any one number cannot exceed 12, so that limits the range of A and B to [-3,3]

Third, to get the number of sets over the range [-3,3] is easy because you just have to find the negative (or positive) sets that satisfy the condition, double it (because the opposite sign value will also satisfy the condition because they are squared) and add 1 for zero.

For example, take A=-3, the negative sets that satisfy the condition only includes (-3,-1) or 1 set. Double that for the positive side (-3,1) and add 1 for the zero set (-3,0), making a total of 3 sets.

Do this for each integer on the negative (or positive) side. I already showed A=-3 yields 3 sets. Because of the symetery of squares, you A=+3 also yields 3 sets.

So one can build up a simple table:

A-value Sets

-3 3

-2 5

-1 7

Total 15

Double this for integers in the positive range [1,2,3], so we are up to 30 sets.

Zero yields valid values for all intergers in the range [-3,3] or 7, giving a total of 37 sets.

11 Apr 2014 at 4:40 am [Comment permalink]

Murray,

Two comments. First its interesting the difference in answers based on the device used to submit. My first response was done on an iPad. I find it hard to be wordy on that medium. The second was done on my computer with a full keyboard. That would be an interesting survey question: Are you more thoughtful (and complete) when providing an answer on a smartphone, tablet, computer, or pen and paper?

Second, it would be really nice if in addition to the xhtml codes you permit, one could also use and

11 Apr 2014 at 9:37 am [Comment permalink]

I am glad I somehow got the intmath newsletter, we got a

new computer and I lost the site. frank

11 Apr 2014 at 12:16 pm [Comment permalink]

(-3,-1),(-3,0),(-3,1)

(-2,-2),(-2,-1),(-2,0),(-2,1),(-2,2)

(-1,-3),(-1,-2),(-1,-1),(-1,0),(-1,1),(-1,2),(-1,3)

(0,-3),(0,-2),(0,-1),(0,0),(0,1),(0,2),(0,3)

(1,-3),(1,-2),(1,-1),(1,0),(1,1),(1,2),(1,3)

(2,-2),(2,-1),(2,0),(2,1),(2,2)

(3,-1),(-3,0),(-3,1)

Total 37 solutions

11 Apr 2014 at 2:56 pm [Comment permalink]

POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS:

TOTAL NUMBER OF POSSIBLE SOLUTION IS :25

case1: If A=0,B=0, then A^2+B^2 <=12 NO OF SOLUTION=01

Case2: If A=1, then B= 0,1,2,3 : NO OF SOLUTIONS=4

Case3: If A=-1, then B=0,1,2,3 : NO OF SOLUTIONS=4

Case4: IF A=1, THEN B=-1,-2,-3: NO OF SOLUTION=3

Case5: If A=2, THEN B=0,1,2:NO OF SOLUTIONS: 3

CASE6: IF A=-2,THEN B=0,1,2 ; NO OF SOLUTIONS=3

CASE7: IF A =2, THEN B=-1,-2; NO OF SOLUTIONS=2

CASE8: IF A=3, THEN B=0,1; NO OF SOLUTIONS=2

CASE9: IF A=-3, THEN B=0,1; NO OF SOLUTIONS=2

CASE10: IF A=3, THEN B=-1; NO OF SOLUTIONS=1

12 Apr 2014 at 2:49 am [Comment permalink]

There are 37 integral solutions {A, B}, viz.

{-3, -1}, {-3, 0}, {-3, 1}, {-2, -2}, {-2, -1}, {-2, 0}, {-2, 1}, {-2, 2}, {-1, -3}, {-1, -2}, {-1, -1}, {-1, 0}, {-1, 1}, {-1, 2}, {-1, 3}, {0, -3}, {0, -2}, {0, -1}, {0, 0}, {0, 1}, {0, 2}, {0, 3}, {1, -3}, {1, -2}, {1, -1}, {1, 0}, {1, 1}, {1, 2}, {1, 3}, {2, -2}, {2, -1}, {2, 0}, {2, 1}, {2, 2}, {3, -1}, {3, 0}, {3, 1}

This is readily obtained using Mathematica's NSolve function:

NSolve[a^2 + b^2 <= 12, {a, b}, Integers]

14 Apr 2014 at 9:38 am [Comment permalink]

A^2 + B^2 ≤ 12 for A and B integers

Setting B = {-1, 0, 1}, we can have A = {-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3} That is 21 possible sets

For B = {-2, 2} A = {-2, -1, 0, 1, 2} This adds 10 sets

For B = {-3, 3} A = {-1, 0, 1} And here we have another 6 sets

|A| or |B| cannot exceed 3 so we have all the possible sets covered here

21 + 10 + 6 = 37

15 Apr 2014 at 8:02 am [Comment permalink]

The pairs (A,B) are: (0,0),(0,1),(0,2),(0,3),(1,0),(1,1),(1,2),(1,3),(2,0),(2,1),(2,2),(3,0),(3,1),(0,-1),(0,-2),(0,-3),(-1,0),(-1,1),(1,-1),(-1,-1),(-1,2),(1,-2),(-1,-2),(-1,3),(1,-3),(-1,-3),(-2,0),(-2,1),(2,-1),(-2,-1),(-2,2),(2,-2),(-2,-2),(-3,0),(-3,1),(3,-1),(-3,-1) a total of 37 pairs.

20 Apr 2014 at 1:14 am [Comment permalink]

Use of Geogebra:

inequality x^2 + y^2 <= 12 gives a circle with circumfarance

Calculating points in different areas of a a circle

x-axis and y-axis: 2x6 = 12

Point of origin: 1

Quadrants:

4x6 = 24

Total= 37

20 Apr 2014 at 1:51 am [Comment permalink]

Geogebra: inequality x^2 + y^2 <= 12.

Result: a circle with circumference

Counting points:

axes:

2x6=12

point of origin 1

Quadrants: 4x6

Total: 12+1+24=37

26 Apr 2014 at 1:37 pm [Comment permalink]

37 Solutions in total

A is 0, B can be 0, +/-1, +/-2, +/-3 7 solutions

A is +/-1 B can be 0, +/-1, +/-2, +/-3 14 solutions

A is +/-2 B can be 0, +/-1, +/-2 10 solutions

A is +/-3 B can be 0, +/-1 6 solutions

27 Apr 2014 at 11:40 am [Comment permalink]

there are (4) solutions for

ِِA^2 + B^2 ≤ 12

(1,1)

(1,2)

(2,1)

(2,2)