Blog Action Day 08 - Poverty
By Murray Bourne, 16 Oct 2008
The theme for today's Blog Action Day is "poverty". With the recent meltdown in the global economy, poverty is going to get worse. So here are 7 thoughts on how to reduce poverty.
The most important aspect in this area is education of women. When girls are educated, they are able to generate an independent income. They tend to have less children and they have them later in life. Their options for avoiding the poverty trap are increased dramatically.
Organizations like Kiva provide a conduit between those who are willing to lend small amounts of money, and those who desperately need it to start small businesses. Kiva's tag line: "Loans that change lives."
3. Redistribution of excess
Some countries have too much food and too much water, so both are wasted and consumed to excess. I'm talking about voluntary redistribution, not a communist approach.
There are some really interesting things going on in India with "hole in the wall" computers. The computer is placed in a village with little explanation about what to do with it or how. Amazing learning can occur when you take the teacher out of the picture. See Sugata Mitra: Can kids teach themselves? on YouTube.
When children learn computer skills, there is a better chance of bridging the digital divide and reducing poverty.
5. Online learning skills
Over the next 20 years there will be an explosion of online learning offerings. But not everyone wants to learn online and in many cases it's because they don't have the skills to do so.
There is great potential in giving kids from disadvantaged backgrounds the skills to learn by themselves.
Corruption is endemic in many countries. Corruption was a high priority for Singapore (where I now live) from the day it became an independent country. It is no accident that it has one of the highest per-capita incomes in Asia. A strong commitment to education has also helped, of course.
7. Math skills for future sustainability
Last but not least, give students the math and science skills they need to begin fixing some of the most pressing problems of today. (See Twenty Global Problems and Twenty Years to Solve Them)
The biggest poverty traps are global warming, biodiversity and ecosystem losses, fisheries depletion, deforestation, water deficits and infectious diseases.
If students can work on these issues in their local area, there will be a positive impact on poverty.
So there you have it. Seven thoughts - none of them original - but all important.
I'm looking forward to the day when I can devote more of my time to volunteer work. My plan is to go to Cambodia and help out. The majority of the country lives on around $1 a day. They lost an entire generation of educated people during the madness of the Khmer Rouge days. Hopefully my efforts there will have an impact on poverty.
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