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# Making math accessible for the blind

By Murray Bourne, 04 Nov 2009

I had an interesting and quite powerful experience this week. I went on a Dialog in the Dark "tour". You go into a building in which the rooms are in pitch darkness and you are guided around by blind people. You experience crossing a "street", walking in a park (stumbling over bicycles and bridges) and buying a drink at a cafe. One thing I hadn't thought about before — getting money out of an ATM. How could you be sure you got the right amount and what if there was an error meesage?

It was very unnerving and disorienting to not be able to see at all for over an hour.

Our guide went to special schools until his senior high school and university, when he was on his own. When young, he could only read using large text books, but his eyesight has deteriorated since then and now his great joys are audio books and computer screen readers.

I've had a special interest in helping blind people since university days when I was involved in some community work. We used to visit blind people and do various chores for them like reading out letters (it was pre-computer days). I got quite interested in how blind people learn to play music (via braille, and they would need to read a bit, memorize it, then play) and mathematics.

I came across this interesting resource recently: Hadley School for the Blind - abacus resources.

They talk about how useful the Chinese abacus is in helping blind people learn math. The Cranmer Abacus has a red felt backing that prevents the beads from slipping. In a normal abacus, the beads are meant to slip easily for fast calculation.

Cranmer Abacus

Of course, we should not restrict the use of the abacus just to blind people. It can be a great way for any student to learn concepts like place value and it is especially good for tactile, kinesthetic learners.

The Japanese still use the abacus, even when they are surrounded by computers and calculators. It's great to watch an experienced abacus practitioner.

Some more resources to help blind (or partially sighted) math students:

Scientific Notebook (article by Susan Osterhaus on how this software can provide usable output for blind students). Here's more from Susan at the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired.

Article on Nemeth Code.

Access to Mathematics by Blind Students, by Arthur I. Karshmer and Chris Bledsoe, University of Southern Florida.

I encourage you to learn more about the challenges faced by blind people and the ways you can help.

See the 9 Comments below.

### 9 Comments on “Making math accessible for the blind”

1. davidc says:

In relation to teaching blind people maths. Two interesting approaches are. Tactile rubik's cubes. I built one here
http://liveatthewitchtrials.blogspot.com/search/label/Rubik%27s
and the other is three dimensional printing
http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/297-Touching-3D-printing-story.html

I think you are right that tactile displays could help illustrate maths better to blind people.

2. Murray says:

Thanks for sharing, Dave. I love your tactile Rubik's cube and the 3-D printing is also very interesting.

3. pritesh says:

I have a son 10 years old and who is blind.We are residing in Mombasa,Kenya.I would like to learn how to use Cranmer abacus so that i can teach my son.Are there any web sites where i can learn online and help my son.Please advise.

4. Murray says:

Hi Pritesh. This site should help: Cranmer Abacus. There are video explanations as well as a full text transcript.

5. pritesh says:

Hi Murray.Thanks for the link.Are there any other sites whereby i can practice.

6. Murray says:

Hi Pritesh. I found that video site via a Google search, and there were several others there as well.

7. pritesh says:

Hi Murray.Thanks for the video site.However i have seen some sites where you can practice abacus by moving beads online.But the abacus was chinese and i need to learn cranmer abacus.Any ideas for these kind of sites.

8. Murray says:

Hello Pritesh. I don't claim to be an expert in this. I'll keep my eyes open for you, though.

9. Primary school student uses Cranmer Abacus to develop skills in subtraction | BLENNZ Learning Library says:

[…] Making math accessible for the blind - squareCircleZ. […]

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