Search IntMath
Close

450+ Math Lessons written by Math Professors and Teachers

5 Million+ Students Helped Each Year

1200+ Articles Written by Math Educators and Enthusiasts

Simplifying and Teaching Math for Over 23 Years

# The Basics of Section Formula in Geometry

If you’re currently studying geometry, chances are you’ve come across the section formula. This formula is used to calculate the coordinates of a point that divides two other points on a line segment in a given ratio. Knowing how to use this formula can help you solve various problems in geometry, so let's take a closer look.

## Understanding the Section Formula

The section formula states that if coordinates of two points P and Q are (x1 , y1) and (x2 , y2) respectively, then the coordinates of any intermediate point P divide _Q_ in ratio m : n will be given by x = mx1 + nx2/m + n and y = my1 + ny2/m + n. So, for example, if we have two points P(5, 7) and Q(-2, 3), then the coordinates of any point which divides this line segment in a 2 : 3 ratio would be x = (2*5 + 3*(-2))/(2+3) = -1 and y = (2*7 + 3*3)/(2+3) = 4.

## Applying the Section Formula

Now that we know how to use the Section Formula let's look at an example. Suppose we want to find out what happens when we divide P(6,-9) and Q(-4,-1) into four equal parts. We can do this by applying the Section Formula four times with different ratios each time; i.e., 1 : 3 , 2 : 2 , 1 : 1 , 0 : 1 . Applying these ratios gives us four new points R (-3,-7), S (-1,-5), T (0,-4), U (-4,-1). Now, if we draw lines between these points then we will get four equal sections dividing our original line segment into four parts!

## Conclusion:

The section formula has a wide range of applications in geometry from calculating distances between two points to finding angles between three or more points. As such, it is important for students to understand how this formula works and how it can be applied to solve various problems. Once you have mastered this concept, you'll be able to tackle more complex geometric problems with ease!

## FAQ

### What is the section formula class 10th?

The section formula states that if coordinates of two points P and Q are (x1 , y1) and (x2 , y2) respectively, then the coordinates of any intermediate point P divide _Q_ in ratio m : n will be given by x = mx1 + nx2/m + n and y = my1 + ny2/m + n.

### How is section formula made?

The section formula is made by taking the coordinates of two points P and Q, then calculating the coordinates of an intermediate point that divides them in a given ratio. This is done by using the equation x = mx1 + nx2/m + n and y = my1 + ny2/m + n.

### What is the application of section formula?

The section formula can be used to calculate the coordinates of a point that divides two other points on a line segment in a given ratio. It can also be used to find distances between two points, or angles between three or more points. Additionally, it can help solve problems involving shapes such as circles and triangles.

### What is the difference between midpoint and section formula?

The midpoint formula is used to find the exact center of a line segment, while the section formula is used to calculate the coordinates of an intermediate point that divides the two endpoints in a given ratio. For example, if we have two points P and Q, then the midpoint between them would be halfway in-between whilst any other point between them could be divided in any ratio with the section formula. Also, the midpoint formula is simpler than the section formula as it involves only two points, whereas the section formula may involve more than two points.

Finally, understanding and mastering the section formula is essential for solving various problems in geometry. With practice, you'll be able to tackle more complex problems with ease! Good luck!