Search IntMath
Close

# What Are Diagonals in Geometry?

## What is a Diagonal?

A diagonal is a line segment that connects two non-adjacent vertices or corners of a shape. In geometry, diagonals are used to measure the size of figures such as polygons and right triangles. They can also be used to divide a figure into two equal parts. Diagonals are not considered to be sides of a figure, even if they connect two vertices of a figure.

## Types of Diagonals

Diagonals can be classified into two types: interior diagonals and exterior diagonals. Interior diagonals are the line segments that connect two interior vertices of a figure while exterior diagonals connect two exterior vertices of a figure. For example, in a parallelogram, the diagonals that connect opposite corners are considered to be interior diagonals, while the diagonals that connect the two non-opposite corners are considered to be exterior diagonals.

## Properties of Diagonals

Diagonals have a few important properties that can be used when solving geometry problems. The first property is that the diagonals of a parallelogram divide it into two congruent triangles. This means that the two triangles formed by the diagonals of a parallelogram are equal in size and shape. The second property is that the diagonals of a rectangle are perpendicular. This means that the two diagonals of a rectangle form right angles with each other. The third property is that the diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other. This means that the two diagonals of a rhombus cut each other in half at the midpoint.

## How to Calculate Diagonals

Calculating the length of diagonals is a simple process. The length of the diagonal can be found by using the Pythagorean theorem. The Pythagorean theorem states that in a right triangle, the sum of the squares of the two sides is equal to the square of the hypotenuse. Therefore, the length of the diagonal can be found by first calculating the length of the two sides and then using the Pythagorean theorem to calculate the length of the hypotenuse, which is the diagonal.

## Practice Problems with Answers

1. Find the length of the diagonals of a square with sides of length 8.

Answer: The length of the diagonals of a square with sides of length 8 is 11.31.

2. Find the length of the diagonals of a rectangle with sides of length 6 and 8.

Answer: The length of the diagonals of a rectangle with sides of length 6 and 8 is 10.

3. Find the length of the diagonals of an isosceles triangle with sides of length 8.

Answer: The length of the diagonals of an isosceles triangle with sides of length 8 is 11.31.

4. Find the length of the diagonals of a rhombus with sides of length 6.

Answer: The length of the diagonals of a rhombus with sides of length 6 is 8.48.

5. Find the length of the diagonals of a trapezoid with sides of length 8 and 10.

Answer: The length of the diagonals of a trapezoid with sides of length 8 and 10 is 12.73.

6. Find the length of the diagonals of a pentagon with sides of length 6.

Answer: The length of the diagonals of a pentagon with sides of length 6 is 8.66.

## Summary

In this article, we discussed diagonals in geometry and their properties. We also discussed how to calculate the length of diagonals using the Pythagorean theorem. Finally, we provided some practice problems with answers to help you test your knowledge of diagonals in geometry.

## FAQ

### What is a diagonal in geometry?

A diagonal is a line segment that connects two non-adjacent (not next to each other) vertices of a shape.

### How do you explain a diagonal to a child?

A diagonal is a line that goes from one corner of a shape to another corner that is not next to it. For example, if you draw a square, the diagonal line is the line that goes from one corner of the square to the opposite corner.

### How do you find diagonals in geometry?

To find the diagonals of a shape, you need to draw a line from one corner to another corner that is not next to it. You can then identify the diagonals by counting the number of line segments that you have drawn.

### How do you describe a diagonal line?

A diagonal line is a line segment that connects two non-adjacent vertices of a shape. It is usually longer than other lines in the shape, and it usually follows a curved path.